Archive for the ‘100 years ago today’ Tag

Every corner of Titanic’s decks were utilized   Leave a comment

On this day 100 years ago, Titanic was still making her way across the Atlantic.  She travelled 546 nautical miles on this day, or 628 miles. They received numerous heavy ice warnings, including one from the Rappahannock as she was passing by. The ship had sustained damage coming through the ice field, and was warning other ships in the area.  Captain Smith altered their course a few degrees to the south, but didn’t slow down.  This was common procedure during this time, because it was believed that ice posed little danger to these new large ships. Before the Titanic set sail, Captain Smith himself said that he couldn’t “imagine any condition which would cause a ship to founder. Modern shipbuilding has gone beyond that.”

The Titanic had 11 decks, not including the officers’ quarters, 8 of which were for passenger use.

The Boat Deck was where the lifeboats were located. They lined the side of the deck except in the 1st Class area, where they left a gap so that their view was not blocked. The bridge and wheelhouse were at the front end, in front of the captain’s & officers’ quarters The entrance to the 1st Class Grand Staircase and gym were located halfway down this deck, along with the 1st Class lounge, the 1st Class smoking room and the 2nd Class area entrance. The wood-covered deck had 4 separate promenades, one for officers, 1st Class passengers, engineers and 2nd Class passengers.

A Deck, (also known as the Promenade Deck) encompassed the entire length of the boat. It was only for 1st Class passengers and housed the1st Class cabins, the 1st Class lounge, smoking room, reading & writing rooms and the Palm Court.

B Deck, (also known as the Bridge Deck) contained some of the 1st Class cabins and 6 of the more expensive staterooms. These rooms had their own private patios. Also on the B Deck, were the A La Carte and Café Parisien restaurants for luxury 1st class dining. Both were run by famous chefs and their staff, all of whom died in the disaster. Both the 2nd Class smoking room and entrance area were located on this deck. The main hatch through to the cargo holds was on B Deck, with various pieces of machinery and the anchor housings. This area was off limits to passengers. The scene in the movie Titanic where Jack & Rose climb the railing and “fly” could never have happened because the entire area was not accessible by the passengers. Beyond the Bridge Deck was the Poop Deck, which was used as a promenade by 3rd Class passengers. This area was where many 3rd class passengers waited, hoping to get into a lifeboat.

The C Deck, (also known as the Shelter Deck) housed the two well decks and served as part of the 3rd Class promenade. Crew cabins were located on this deck, as well as 3rd Class public rooms, which were under the Poop Deck. Deck C also contained the majority of the 1st Class cabins and the 2nd Class lending library.

D Deck, (also known as the Saloon Deck) had three large public rooms – the 1st Class Reception area, the 1st Class Dining Saloon and the 2nd Class Dining Saloon. An open space was also provided here for 3rd Class passengers. All passengers had cabins on this deck, along with berths for firemen located on the bow end.

E Deck, (also known as the Upper Deck) was mostly used for passenger rooms for all the classes and berths for some of the crew. Also on this deck, was a long passageway nicknamed “Scotland Road” which referred to the famous street in Liverpool, England.

F Deck, (also known as the Middle Deck) mainly accommodated 3rd Class passengers. There was also a few 2nd Class cabins and crew berths. The 3rd Class dining saloon was located here, along with the swimming pool and Turkish bath.

G Deck,(also known as the Lower Deck) was the lowest deck that passengers were allowed on and had portholes that were just above the waterline. The squash court was here along with the post office, where clerks sorted letters that would be ready to deliver when the ship docked in New York. Food storage was also on this deck.

The Orlop Decks & the Tank Top were the lowest deck of the ship, well below the waterline. The Orlop decks were used to store cargo, while the Tank Top was where the boilers, engines, and turbines were located. Most of this deck had areas that passengers would never see, even though they were connected with higher decks by several flights of stairs. There were also two spiral stairways that gave access up to D Deck.

 

1st class dining saloon

1st class dining saloon

 

The reading & writing room

The reading & writing room

100 years ago today, Titanic is making her way across the north Atlantic   Leave a comment

On this day, 100 years ago, Titanic was on the first leg of her journey across the north Atlantic. Between April 11 and April 12, she travelled 386 miles in good weather and calm seas.  Between April 12 and April 13 she travels 519 miles.  It was on the evening of April 12 that Titanic started getting the first of many ice warnings, but this was not unusual for April.

Meanwhile, the passengers aboard Titanic are enjoying her amenities and socializing on her many decks.  Titanic has some of the finest amenities in existence at that time.  Their goal was to make Titanic look more like a fine hotel than an ocean liner. The First Class section had a swimming pool, a gymnasium, squash court, Turkish bath, electric bath and a Verandah Cafe.  The passengers could also use the telephone system, a lending library and a barber shop.

One of Titanic’s most memorable features was the Grand Staircase or Grand Stairway. It descended through 5 decks of the ship, from the Boat Deck to the Reception Room and the First Class Dining Saloon. It had a dome made of wrought iron and glass that allowed in natural light. Each landing of the staircase accessed numerous halls that were adorned with gold plated light fixtures.  At the highest landing, there was a large wooden panel containing a clock, and figures of “Honor and Glory Crowning Time” around the clock face. The Grand Staircase was destroyed in the sinking and is now just a hole in the ship that is used to access the lower parts of the ship,by those investigating the wreck. During the filming of the movie Titanic in 1997, the detailed replica of the Grand Staircase floated up from its foundations by the water rushing onto the set. Some historians argue that during the sinking, the entire Grand Staircase was thrown upwards and out through the ornate dome.

The Grand Staircase

The Grand Staircase

The menu offered to the Titanic’s 1st passengers 100 years ago today!   Leave a comment

This menu was recently auctioned off for 76,000 pounds (US $122,000) and is witness to the decadence 1st class passengers were awarded aboard the Titanic.

1st class menu for April 10, 1912

1st class menu for April 10, 1912

Titanic’s first day of work – 100 years ago today   Leave a comment

April 10, Wednesday – Sailing Day:
7:30 AM: Captain Edward J. Smith boards Titanic with full crew. Officers have spent the night on board. Smith receives sailing report from Chief Officer Wilde.
8:00 AM: Entire crew mustered, followed by brief lifeboat drill using only two starboard boats, No’s 11 and 15.
9:30 to 11:30 AM: Second-and-third-class boat-trains arrive and passengers board ship.
11:30 AM: Arrival of first-class boat-train from London at dockside. First-class passengers board and are escorted to cabins.
Noon: Titanic casts off and is towed from dock by tugs.
During downstream passage into River Test under her own steam, the water displaced by Titanic’s movement causes all six mooring ropes on the New York to break and her stern to swing toward Titanic. Quick action narrowly averts a collision by only four feet. Departure delayed for an hour. This incident (along with the Olympic-Hawke collision) indicates unfamiliarity with ships of this size by those handling them.
1:00 PM: Titanic resumes 24-mile trip downstream to English Channel en route to Cherbourg, France.

4:00 PM: Boat-train from Paris arrives Cherbourg. Late arrival announced.
5:30 PM: Cherbourg – passengers finally board tenders and wait to be ferried out to Titanic.
6:30 PM: Titanic rides at anchor in Cherbourg harbor, all lights ablaze. Twenty-two cross-Channel passengers disembark, and some cargo is unloaded.
8:00 PM: 274 Cherbourg passengers are all aboard and tenders return to shore.
8:10 PM: Anchor raised and Titanic leaves for Queenstown, Ireland, taking her through the English Channel and around England’s south coast.

100 years ago today, Titanic was leaving Southampton, England   Leave a comment

Just before noon on April 10, 1912, (100 years ago today!) Titanic began her ill-fated voyage from Southampton to New York. Captain Edward John Smith was in command. Her first stop was in Cherbourg, France, about 70 miles away, and then Queenstown, Ireland.

In the photograph, mooring lines are being cast off and five tug boats are moving Titanic out to sea. Her huge propellers will not start turning until she is in deeper water.

 

Titanic Leaving Southhamptom

Titanic, assisted by tug boats, is leaving Southamptom, England on it's maiden, and ill-fate voyage.